Water heaters are one of many essential household appliances that provide hot water for bathing, washing clothes, and more. When shopping for one, it’s critical to choose the right water heater that not only produces water with the least amount of energy but also saves you money and protects the environment. Whether you are a first-time buyer or want to replace an old water heater, here are four types of water heaters to look for that will last a long time.
Storage Tank Water Heater
Storage tank water heaters have been around for a long time and are still one of the famous choices for most households. Traditional tank-style water heaters are massive metal cylinders with an insulated tank that stores and conserves hot water when needed. They are often put in basements or laundry rooms since their capacity spans from 40 to 60 gallons, and they are normally 60′′ tall by 24′′ broad.
Many water heaters are powered by electricity, liquid propane, or natural gas. Natural gas and propane water heaters typically consume less energy and cost less to use than electric water heaters of the same size. However, keep in mind that gas models are more expensive at the time of purchase.
Regardless, they’re an excellent choice if you want to spend less money on your water heater upfront. When buying a water heater from Panasonic, Samsung, and other manufacturers, consider its energy efficiency and annual operating costs. This information is available on the product label and in the online product description.
Tankless Water Heater
Often known as “on-demand” water heaters, tankless water heaters don’t keep hot water in storage. Instead, they heat water as it travels through the unit’s coils. Like a tank water heater, this water heater has electricity, liquid propane, and natural gas as the energy source. Tankless water heaters are often more energy-efficient than storage tank water heaters since they don’t have to store unused heated water.
Most tankless water heaters can deliver up to 3.5 gallons of hot water per minute. Measuring 20′′ wide by 28′′ long by 10′′ deep, most installations are compact and will easily fit in a pantry, in the garage, under the stairs, or your sink.
That said, these units are ideal for people who don’t want hot water often from more than two sources at the same time. Although tankless water heaters are more expensive than tank-style water heaters, they can last up to 20 years.
Heat Pump Water Heater
Heat pump water heaters are another type of water heater to consider. This one differs from conventional water heaters in that it uses outdoor heat to warm the water rather than an electric heating element or a gas burner. This suggests that the water heaters are much more energy-efficient and use around 60% less energy than standard electric water heaters.
Other than that, geothermal energy can power the water heater. Instead of relying on the outside temperature, the water heater generates heat by utilizing the ground’s warmth beneath our feet. This is a suitable alternative for individuals who have already installed a geothermal system for heating and cooling in their homes.
A water heater with such features is more expensive, but it’s worth it because installation is simple, and you’ll save money in the long term. However, if you live in chilly weather, you should reconsider getting it because such a water heater must be installed in a temperature range of 40° F to 90° F. You’ll need a lot larger area as well because the heat pump is at the top and requires more space to adequate heat from the air.
Solar Water Heater
If you haven’t heard, the sun’s energy has long been used to power the house, but did you know it can also be used to heat your home’s water? Solar energy has been proven to heat water and maybe a more practical choice than you realize.
A roof-mounted cell collects the sun’s heat and transfers it to an antifreeze-like fluid in a closed-loop system that runs to the water tank. Solar collectors will heat the water with sunshine and keep it in storage tanks, like how conventional storage water heaters run.
With such technology, you may save money on your electricity bills during the summer, or even all year if you live somewhere warmer. However, if you live in a four-season climate, you may not enjoy the same benefits, but rest assured that most models have a backup system that kicks in when needed.
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